On 22 March 2022, on the occasion of world water day, Prima Program published an article about SUPROMED project.
How can we adapt to and mitigate the effects of droughts?
PRIMA works on different lines of action to meet this challenge. On the one hand, it is necessary to preserve the soil, which suffers from an advanced state of erosion in the Mediterranean. Some of the PRIMA funded projects, such as CAMA, work on this line of action by trying to reduce the risk of soil quality degradation. One of the critical factors of conservation agriculture is a cropping system that covers the soil surface with crop residues to avoid humidity evaporation.
On the other hand, it is also essential to develop sustainable farming practices to tackle the drought problem, considering that almost 75% of fresh water is used for agricultural purposes. A more resilient approach is needed, reducing or adapting water resources.
Here it comes SUPROMED (Sustainable Production in Water Limited Environments of Mediterranean Agro-ecosystem), an R&I project co-funded by PRIMA, which aims to enhance Mediterranean farming systems’ economic and environmental sustainability through more efficient management of water, energy and fertilisers. Partnering with ten organisations from Spain, France, Greece, Lebanon and Tunisia, the project will provide a holistic water management system resilient to climate change. In detail, what is going to be delivered is an end-user technology platform specially designed to smartly advise farmers in the efficient water management of Mediterranean cropping.
Read the full article here: https://prima-med.org/drought-the-silent-enemy-of-the-mediterranean/
New SUPROMED platform for water, energy, and fertilizers management in Mediterranean agro-ecosystems available now!
SUPROMED ‘Sustainable Production in water limited environments of Mediterranean agro-ecosystem’ is a Research & Innovation project funded under the PRIMA programme section I supported under horizon2020, the European Union’s Framework Programme for Research and Innovation, that started in October 2019 for a period of 3 years. The project is composed of a multidisciplinary team of ten partners from five countries: Spain (UCLM, ITAP, HISPATEC), France (SEMIDE), Greece (UTH, 3DSA), Lebanon (DIFAF, ULFA) and Tunisia (INRGREF, INGC). SUPROMED aims to enhance the economic and environmental sustainability of Mediterranean farming systems through a more efficient management of water, energy and fertilizers.
SUPROMED is providing a holistic crop-livestock water management system resilient to climate change. To this aim, SUPROMED is integrating a validated set of models and tools on an online platform to increase the production and income of farms through a reduction and a more efficient use of water, and other inputs such as energy and fertilizers, while decreasing the impact on the environment.
SUPROMED tools are using in-situ data and Earth Observation (EO) imagery, agro-alerts, agroclimatic classification and zoning together with drought forecast tools linked to climatic change. SUPROMED’s end-user platform is being demonstrated in pilot areas across Spain, Lebanon, and Tunisia.
SUPROMED’s ICT platform acts as a toolbox offering end-users the possibility to apply a set of interlinked models as well as to access useful information related to their farm based on their needs:
Figure 1 SUPROMED PLATFORM STRUCTURE
The platform can be used by all technicians and farmers who want to optimise their water, energy and fertilizers use and increase their profitability. It can be also used by policy-makers at local level for the estimation of the water use in the agricultural sector to reduce the pressure on the resource, as well as to assess the effect of water restrictions, water price, energy costs and subventions on the final profitability of the farms.
To start with SUPROMED Platform, users must upload the characteristics of the farm: climate, soil and crops data as well as irrigation infrastructure to generate specific outputs such as irrigation scheduling, optimal crops distribution, design and optimization of irrigation network, high resolution weather forecasts, climate forecasts, fertiliser needs, evapotranspiration data and maps. SUPROMED platform is available free of charge on SUPROMED website: https://dss.supromed.eu/portal/ . A set of video tutorials on how to use the platform is available on the project website. Specific Matlab compiler indicated in PRESUD and DOPIR manuals (available for download when installing the software) must be installed before using the platform.
SUPROMED aims to promote a 10-20% increase in the adoption of organizational and technological innovations in farms with an overall impact across the Mediterranean basin. Thanks to its platform, SUPROMED increases the agronomic and economic/ water productivity at the farm level by 10-20%. By applying SUPROMED, farmers can save more than 15% of irrigation water and around 10% of the energy used. The platform improves the design and management of water infrastructure and crop rotation in the farm and increases the farmer profitability by more than 10%.
Project No: PRIMA/ Research & Innovation Activities (RIA) Grant Agreement no. 1813
Start Date: 01/10/2019
Project Duration: 36 months
More information can be found on SUPROMED WEBSITE: supromed.eu
 Early warning system of adverse weather phenomena with the aim of protecting agricultural production from imminent adverse natural phenomena (frost, hail, rain, thunderstorm, lightning) with great spatial and time accuracy, even focusing on specific areas of increased risk
 Weather Reasearch and Forecasting
 Global Forecasting System is a weather forecast model produced by National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP)
 The Climate Forecast System or Coupled Forecast System (both names abbreviated CFS) is a medium to long range numerical weather prediction and a climate model run by the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP)
 Community Earth System Model
 Representative Concentration Pathway 4.5